nasal congestion la gi

From Wikipedia, the không lấy phí encyclopedia

Bạn đang xem: nasal congestion la gi

This article is about symptomatic nasal congestion. For natural partial congestion, see nasal cycle.

Nasal congestion
Other namesNasal blockage, nasal obstruction, blocked nose, stuffy nose, plugged nose

Nasal congestion is the partial or complete blockage of nasal passages, leading đồ sộ impaired nasal breathing, usually due đồ sộ membranes lining the nose becoming swollen from inflammation of blood vessels.[1]


In about 85% of cases, nasal congestion leads đồ sộ mouth breathing rather than thở nasal breathing.[2] According đồ sộ Jason Turowski, MD of the Cleveland Clinic, "we are designed đồ sộ breathe through our noses from birth—it's the way humans have evolved."[3] This is referred đồ sộ as "obligate nasal breathing."[4]

Nasal congestion can interfere with hearing and speech. Significant congestion may interfere with sleep, cause snoring, and can be associated with sleep apnea or upper airway resistance syndrome.[5] In children, nasal congestion from enlarged adenoids has caused chronic sleep apnea with insufficient oxygen levels and hypoxia. The problem usually resolves after surgery đồ sộ remove the adenoids and tonsils, however the problem often relapses later in life due đồ sộ craniofacial alterations from chronic nasal congestion.[6]

Xem thêm: bing ai chat


  • Allergies,[7] lượt thích hoặc fever,[7] allergic reaction đồ sộ pollen or grass
  • Common cold,[7] influenza or COVID-19
  • Rhinitis medicamentosa,[7] a condition of rebound nasal congestion brought on by extended use of topical decongestants (e.g., oxymetazoline, phenylephrine, xylometazoline, and naphazoline nasal sprays)
  • Sinusitis or sinus infection[7]
  • Narrow or collapsing nasal valve[8]
  • Pregnancy may cause women đồ sộ suffer from nasal congestion due đồ sộ the increased amount of blood flowing through the toàn thân.[7]
  • Nasal polyps[7]
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (theorized đồ sộ cause chronic rhinosinusitis- the "airway reflux paradigm")[9]

Nasal obstruction[edit]

Nasal obstruction characterized by insufficient airflow through the nose can be a subjective sensation or the result of objective pathology.[10] It is difficult đồ sộ quantify by subjective complaints or clinical examinations alone, hence both clinicians and researchers depend both on concurrent subjective assessment and on objective measurement of the nasal airway.[11]

Prevalence of kyphosis has been linked đồ sộ nasal obstruction in a study.[12]


According đồ sộ WebMD, congestion can be addressed through the use of a humidifier, warm showers, drinking fluids, using a neti pot, using a nasal saline spray, and sleeping with one's head elevated. It also recommends a number of over the counter decongestants and antihistamines.[13] A 2012 study concluded that combining nasal sprays with "nasal breathing exercises" (NBE) led đồ sộ improvement of symptoms. Though it may seem an odd recommendation, crying may also be helpful.[14]

The Cleveland Clinic also states that congestion may be a sign of a deviated septum, a condition that needs đồ sộ be addressed by a doctor.[15]

Xem thêm: mã vùng 024

See also[edit]

  • Decongestant
  • Honeymoon rhinitis
  • Inhaler


  1. ^ "Nasal congestion". MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. A.D.A.M., Inc.
  2. ^ Rao A, ed. (2012). Principles and Practice of Pedodontics (3rd ed.). New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Pub. pp. 169, 170. ISBN 9789350258910.
  3. ^ Turowski, Jason (2016-04-29). "Should You Breathe Through Your Mouth or Your Nose?". Cleveland Clinic. Retrieved 2020-06-28.
  4. ^ Bergeson PS, Shaw JC (October 2001). "Are infants really obligatory nasal breathers?". Clinical Pediatrics. 40 (10): 567–9. doi:10.1177/000992280104001006. PMID 11681824. S2CID 44715721.
  5. ^ de Oliveira, Pedro Wey Barbosa; Gregorio, Luciano Lobato; Silva, Rogério Santos; Bittencourt, Lia Rita Azevedo; Tufik, Sergio; Gregório, Luis Carlos (July 2016). "Orofacial-cervical alterations in individuals with upper airway resistance syndrome". Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. 82 (4): 377–384. doi:10.1016/j.bjorl.2015.05.015. PMC 9448996. PMID 26671020.
  6. ^ Buschang PH, Carrillo R, Rossouw PE (March 2011). "Orthopedic correction of growing hyperdivergent, retrognathic patients with miniscrew implants". Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 69 (3): 754–62. doi:10.1016/j.joms.2010.11.013. PMC 3046301. PMID 21236539.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Nasal congestion at MedlinePlus, a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Update Date: 8/2/2011. Updated by: Neil K. Kaneshiro. Also reviewed by David Zieve.
  8. ^ "Blocked Nose, Restricted Air Flow". Aerin Medical. Archived from the original on 2016-08-26. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  9. ^ Pacheco-Galván A, Hart SP, Morice AH (April 2011). "Relationship between gastro-oesophageal reflux and airway diseases: the airway reflux paradigm". Archivos de Bronconeumologia. 47 (4): 195–203. doi:10.1016/j.arbres.2011.02.001. PMID 21459504.
  10. ^ Wang DY, Raza MT, Gordon BR (June 2004). "Control of nasal obstruction in perennial allergic rhinitis". Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 4 (3): 165–70. doi:10.1097/00130832-200406000-00005. PMID 15126936. S2CID 20608574.
  11. ^ Wang DY, Raza MT, Goh DY, Lee BW, Chan YH (July 2004). "Acoustic rhinometry in nasal allergen challenge study: which dimensional measures are meaningful?". Clinical and Experimental Allergy. 34 (7): 1093–8. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2222.2004.01988.x. PMID 15248855. S2CID 28523614.
  12. ^ Šidlauskienė M, Smailienė D, Lopatienė K, Čekanauskas E, Pribuišienė R, Šidlauskas M (June 2015). "Relationships between Malocclusion, Body Posture, and Nasopharyngeal Pathology in Pre-Orthodontic Children". Medical Science Monitor. 21: 1765–73. doi:10.12659/MSM.893395. PMC 4484615. PMID 26086193.
  13. ^ Swiner, Carmelita (2020-01-27). "'How đồ sộ Treat Nasal Congestion and Sinus Pressure". WebMD. Retrieved 2020-06-28.
  14. ^ Nair, Satish (2011-04-12). "Nasal Breathing Exercise and its Effect on Symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis". Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 64 (2): 172–176. doi:10.1007/s12070-011-0243-5. PMC 3392338. PMID 23730580.
  15. ^ "Is Your Nose Working Against You? 5 Signs of a Deviated Septum". Cleveland Clinic. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 2020-06-28.

Further reading[edit]

  • Nestor, James (2020). Breath: The New Science of a Lost Art. Riverhead Books. ISBN 978-0735213616.

External links[edit]