Strains Là Gì

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Từ điển Việt Anh Việt 4in1 - English Vietnamese 4 in 1 Dictionary

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strain1 W3 /streɪn/ BrE AmE noun 1. WORRY worry that is caused by having to deal with a problem or work too hard over a long period of time ⇨ stress: I couldn’t look after him any more; the strain was too much for me. Did you find the job a strain? the stresses và strains of police life strain for The trial has been a terrible strain for both of us. Strain on It’s quite a strain on me when he’s drinking heavily. Put/place a strain on somebody The long working hours put a severe strain on employees. Under (a) strain I know you’ve been under a lot of strain lately. Crack/collapse/buckle etc under the strain (=become unable to giảm giá khuyến mãi with a problem or work) I could see that she was beginning to crack under the strain. 2. DIFFICULTY a difficulty or problem that is caused when a person, relationship, organization, or system has too much to vày or too many problems to giảm giá with strain on The dry summer has further increased the strain on water resources. Put/place (a) strain on something The flu epidemic has put a huge strain on the health service. Strain in The attack has led khổng lồ strains in the relationship between the two countries. Under (a) strain His marriage was under strain. Break/crack/collapse etc under the strain The party split under the strain. 3. FORCE a situation in which something is being pulled or pushed, or is holding weight, and so might break or become damaged strain on The strain on the cables supporting the bridge is enormous. Put/place (a) strain on something Some of these exercises put too much strain on the back muscles. These four posts take the strain of the whole structure. Break/snap/collapse etc under the strain The rope snapped under the strain. 4. INJURY an injury khổng lồ a muscle or part of your toàn thân that is caused by using it too much: Long hours working at a computer can cause eye strain. The goalkeeper is still out of action with a knee strain. 5. PLANT/ANIMAL a type of animal, plant, or disease strain of different strains of wheat a new strain of the flu vi khuẩn QUALITY a particular quality which people have, especially one that is passed from parents khổng lồ children strain of There’s a strain of madness in his family. 7. WAY OF SAYING SOMETHING formal an amount of a feeling that you can see in the way someone speaks, writes, paints etc: a strain of bitterness in Young’s later work 8. strains of something literary the sound of music being played: We sipped wine to lớn the strains of Beethoven. • • • COLLOCATIONS (for Meanings 1 và 2) adjectives ▪ great/considerable/severe strain The country’s health system is under great strain. ▪ a terrible strain It’s been a terrible strain. ▪ an intolerable strain (=too great lớn bear) The cost of these wars put an intolerable strain on the economy. ▪ undue strain (=too much strain) How much can you invest without putting any undue strain on your finances? ▪ emotional strain She has been suffering from considerable emotional strain. ▪ financial strain This welfare program has eased the financial strain of raising children alone. verbs ▪ put/place (a) strain on somebody/something Living with my parents put quite a strain on our marriage. ▪ crack/collapse/buckle etc under the strain (=become unable to lớn continue normally because of the strain) They are worried that the court system might collapse under the strain. ▪ ease the strain (=make it less) You can vày much lớn ease the strain of the situation for her. phrases ▪ be under (a) strain Claudia could see that he was under considerable strain. ▪ stresses & strains Holidays help people to cope with the stresses and strains of life. • • • THESAURUS ▪ injury damage to part of your body toàn thân caused by an accident or an attack: The passengers were taken to hospital with minor injuries. ▪ wound an injury, especially a deep cut in your skin made by a knife, bullet, or bomb: He died of a gunshot wound khổng lồ the head. ▪ cut a small injury made when a sharp object cuts your skin: Blood was running from a cut on his chin. ▪ bruise a dark mark on your skin that you get when you fall or get hit: Jack often comes trang chủ from playing rugby covered in bruises.

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▪ graze/scrape a small injury that marks your skin or breaks the surface slightly: She fell off her bike và got a few grazes on her legs và knees. ▪ gash a long deep cut: He had a deep gash across his forehead. ▪ bump an area of skin that is swollen because you have hit it against something: How did you get that bump on your head? ▪ sprain an injury khổng lồ your ↑ankle, ↑wrist, knee etc, caused by suddenly twisting it: It’s a slight sprain – you should rest your ankle for a week. ▪ strain an injury khổng lồ a muscle caused by stretching it or using it too much: a muscle strain in his neck ▪ fracture a crack or broken part in a bone: a hip fractureII.strain2 BrE AmE verb 1. INJURE to lớn injure a muscle or part of your toàn thân by using it too much or making it work too hard: I’ve strained a muscle in my leg You’ll strain your eyes trying lớn read in this light. 2. EFFORT khổng lồ try very hard to vì chưng something using all your strength or ability strain (something) to vì chưng something She was straining to keep her head above the water. Strain for Bill choked and gasped, straining for air. Strain your ears/eyes (=try very hard to lớn hear or see) I strained my ears, listening for any sound in the silence of the cave. 3. LIQUID to lớn separate solid things from a liquid by pouring the mixture through something with very small holes in it ⇨ sieve: She strained the pasta. 4. DIFFICULTY khổng lồ cause difficulties for something by making too much work or too many problems which it cannot giảm giá khuyến mãi with easily: The increased costs will certainly strain our finances. The incident has strained relations between the two countries. I felt that my patience was being strained lớn the limit. 5. PULL/PUSH khổng lồ pull hard at something or push hard against something strain against Buddy’s huge gut strained against the buttons on his shirt. Strain at a dog straining at its lead strain every nerve khổng lồ try as hard as possible to bởi vì something: He was straining every nerve to lớn impress the judges. 7. be straining at the leash to be eager khổng lồ be allowed to vì chưng something: There are 30,000 troops in the area, all straining at the leash. 8. not strain yourself to lớn not work too hard or vì too much physical activity – often used in an ↑ironic way: Don’t strain yourself. • • • THESAURUS to lớn injure yourself or someone else ▪ hurt lớn damage part of your body, or someone else’s body: She slipped on the ice and hurt herself badly. | Be careful you don’t hurt anyone with that knife. ▪ injure to lớn hurt yourself quite severely, or to lớn be hurt in an accident or fighting: One of our players has injured his leg, and will be out of the trò chơi for weeks. | Four people have been seriously injured on the Arizona highway. ▪ wound khổng lồ deliberately hurt someone using a weapon such as a knife or gun: The gunmen shot & killed twelve people and wounded three others. ▪ maim /meɪm/ khổng lồ hurt someone very severely, especially so that they đại bại an arm, leg etc, often as the result of an explosion: In countries where there are landmines, people are killed và maimed daily. ▪ break khổng lồ hurt a part of your toàn thân by breaking a bone in it: The X-ray showed that I had broken my wrist. ▪ bruise to lớn hurt a part of your body when you fall on it or hit it, causing a dark mark lớn appear on your skin: Cathy fell off her bike và bruised her legs badly. ▪ sprain/twist khổng lồ hurt your knee, wrist, shoulder etc by suddenly twisting it while you are moving: I jumped down from the wall and landed awkwardly, spraining my ankle. ▪ strain/pull to lớn hurt one of your muscles by stretching it or using it too much: When you are lifting heavy loads, be careful not lớn strain a back muscle. ▪ dislocate khổng lồ damage a joint in your body toàn thân in a way that moves the two parts of the joint out of their normal position: Our best batsman dislocated his shoulder during training.

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▪ paralyse khổng lồ make someone thua thảm the ability khổng lồ move part or all of their body: A climbing accident had left him paralysed from the chest down.strainhu◎danh trường đoản cú ■sự căng, sự căng thẳng; tâm lý căng, trạng thái căng thẳng mệt mỏi the rope broke under the strain dây thừng đứt vì chưng căng quá to be a great strain on someone"s attention là 1 trong những sự mệt mỏi lớn so với sự chú ý của ai to suffer from strain mệt nhọc vì thao tác căng ■(kỹ thuật) mức độ căng ■giọng, điệu nói to speak in an angry strain nói giọng tức giận ■(âm nhạc) ((thường) số nhiều) giai điệu, nhạc điệu; đoạn nhạc, khúc nhạc ■(thơ ca); (văn học) ((thường) số nhiều) hứng ■khuynh hướng, chiều hướng there is a strain of weakness in him sinh hoạt anh ta có chiều hướng nhu nhược ■dòng dõi (người); giống như (súc vật) to come of a good strain là con dòng con cháu giống ngoại đụng từ ■kéo căng (dây...); (nghĩa bóng) làm stress to strain one"s ears (eyes) vểnh tai (căng mắt) ■bắt thao tác quá sức, bắt thao tác căng quá, lợi dụng trên mức cần thiết take care not to strain your eyes cẩn trọng đừng nhằm mắt thao tác căng quá to strain somebody"s loyalty tận dụng lòng trung thành của ai ■vi phạm (quyền hành), lấn quyền; to strain one"s powers lân quyền của bản thân mình ■ôm (người nào) to strain someone to one"s bosom ôm tín đồ nào ■lọc (lấy nước hoặc rước cái); nhằm ráo nước to strain off rice nhằm gạo ráo nước ■(kỹ thuật) làm cong, làm cho méonội cồn từ ■ráng sức, cố sức, nuốm sức; cố gắng một biện pháp ì ạch, vác ậm ạch plants straining upwards khổng lồ the light cây núm vươn lên tia nắng rowers strain at the oar bạn chèo thuyền ra sức tập bơi mái chèo ■làm việc stress to strain one"s heart bắt tim thao tác quá căng ■(+ at) căng ra, thẳng ra (dây); kéo căng dog strains at the leash chó kéo căng dây xích ■lọc qua (nước) to strain at a gnat quá câu nệ, quá an toàn to strain every nerve gắng sức, ra sức